Am writing this article is because a sister of mine was recently diagnosed of this though it was a little bit late but thanks to God, she is alive today early detection is the key.
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, on the lower right side of the abdomen. Appendix causes nerve pain in the lower right abdomen, which begins around the navel and then moves. Appendix is a small, thin pouch about 5-10cm (2-4 inches) long. It’s connected to the large intestine, where stools (faeces) are formed.
Appendicitis typically starts with a pain in the middle of your tummy (abdomen) that may come and go.
Within hours, the pain travels to the lower right-hand side, where the appendix usually lies, and becomes constant and severe.
Pressing on this area, coughing, or walking may all make the pain worse. You may lose your appetite, feel sick, and occasionally experience diarrhea
Symptoms and causes of Appendicitis.
- The person undergoes nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite.
- Some people may undergo, sudden pain in the left side of the light abdomen.
- In some cases, the pain shifts from the lower right abdomen, and begins around the navel and then moves.
- Abdominal bloating.
- The site of your pain may vary from different person to person according to their age.
Causes of Appendicitis
A blockage in the lining of the appendix causing infection with bacteria multiply rapidly causing the appendix to become inflamed, swollen, and filled with pus.
- A reputed appendix spreads the infections through the abdomen, which is a life threatening condition.
- In some-causes, the pocket of pus that forms in the abdomen.
- The surgery drains the abscess by placing a tube to the abdominal wall and is left there for 2 weeks and given antibiotics to treat the infections.
- Once, the infections are cleared, the surgery feels very easy to remove the appendix.
How appendicitis is treated
In most cases of appendicitis, the appendix needs to be surgically removed as soon as possible.
Removal of the appendix, known as an appendectomy or appendectomy, is one of the most common operations in the UK and its success rate is excellent.
The operation is most commonly performed as keyhole surgery (laparoscopy), which involves making several small cuts in your abdomen, through which special surgical instruments are inserted.
Open surgery, where a larger, single cut is made in the abdomen, is usually carried out if the appendix has burst or access is more difficult.
Most people make a full recovery from an appendectomy in a couple of weeks, although strenuous activities may need to be avoided for up to 6 weeks after open surgery.
It’s not exactly clear what the causes of appendicitis are. Most cases are thought to occur when something blocks the entrance of the appendix.
For example, a blockage may be formed by a small piece of faeces or an upper respiratory tract infection could lead to a swollen lymph node within the wall of the bowel.
This obstruction leads to the development of inflammation and swelling. The pressure caused by the swelling can then lead to the appendix bursting.
As the causes aren’t fully understood, there’s no guaranteed way of preventing appendicitis.
Appendicitis is a common condition. Around 40,000 people are admitted to hospital with appendicitis each year in England.
It’s estimated around 1 in every 13 people develop it at some point in their life.
Appendicitis can develop at any age, but it’s most common in young people aged from 10 to 20 years old.
Test and diagnosis
Physical examination: – It’s done by the doctor to access your pain. Where the doctor may apply gentle pressure in the painful area.
Blood Test: – Doctor may ask you to check for a high white blood count, which may indicate an infection.
- Urine test
- Imaging tests – Abdominal X-ray
- Abdominal ultrasound.
- When to get medical help
- If you’re experiencing abdominal pain that’s gradually getting worse, contact your medical provider or local out-of-hours service immediately.
Treatment and Drugs
Appendicitis It only involves the surgery to remove the inflamed appendix, before surgery you may be given a dose of antibiotics to prevent infections.
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